These medications are initially used in the prophylaxis and treatment of malaria. Plaquenil has replaced chloroquine because it produces less retinal side effects. Plaquenil for infertility Plaquenil side effects dry mouth Testing for Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy. Introduction Although the exact mechanism by which chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine HCQ - commonly known as Plaquenil induce retinal toxicity is not well understood, but it is recognized as a serious ophthalmologic concern because it is not treatable. 1 Guidelines from the American Academy of Ophthalmology AAO on screening. Abstract. Background The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommendations on screening for chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine HCQ retinopathy are revised in light of new information about the prevalence of toxicity, risk factors, fundus distribution, and effectiveness of screening tools. In early cases of Plaquenil toxicity, an early indicator of damage is the appearance of a paracentral scotoma seen on automated visual field testing in the absence of fundus changes. 18 Each of the testing strategies can be used to detect early toxicity changes, but the presentation of the visual field effects will vary. Due to the central area. The toxicity resulting from the intake of Plaquenil is due to its affinity for melanin-containing structures in the body. Aside from its initial intended use, it has been also used for the management of rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and several other connective tissue disorders . Plaquenil toxicity screening PowerPoint. Update on Plaquenil Testing, Recommendations on Screening for Chloroquine and. Too much hydroxychloroquine The screening tests. Baseline assessment. Within one year of starting hydroxychloroquine, you may be invited to a baseline screening. appointment. The purpose of this assessment is not to detect toxicity from hydroxychloroquine, but instead to ensure there are no other problems that will make screening for toxicity difficult in the future. Eye screening for patients taking hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil®. How to Succeed in Plaquenil Screenings. Dr. Noskow's Case Report Plaquenil Toxicity - Hollywood Eye Institute. The American Academy of Ophthalmology released an updated set of screening recommendations for hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil and chloroquine to account for the many studies that have shown the effects of these medications on the retina 1. It succinctly makes the case for screening, and Remember, any patient who is at a high risk for Plaquenil toxicity should be examined on an annual basis following the baseline exam. The goal of monitoring/screening is to identify early macular damage prior to irreversible vision loss or even before visible signs of bull’s eye maculopathy. Hydroxychloroquine, sold under the brand name Plaquenil Sanofi-Aventis, is an antimalarial drug that has gained widespread use in treating various autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. 1 By some estimates, more than 150,000 patients are on long-term therapy with this medication in America alone. 2 Retinal toxicity associated with HCQ use is.